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What Is Uns S32205 Material?

Stainless steel UNS S32205 is a two-phase, ferritic, austenitic alloy that combines 22% chromium and 3% molybdenum with 5 to 6% nickel. Compared to standard austenitic stainless steel grades, it has twice as much yield strength as this grade. The material resists pitting and crevice corrosion, is excellent in a caustic environment, and is easy to weld.

S32205 Applications

  • Mills that produce pulp
  • Processing of food
  • Pipelines for oil and gas,
  • Processing of chemicals, among other things.
difference between s31803 and S32205

What Is Uns S31803 Material?

With a ferritic-austenitic microstructure, UNS S31803 is a duplex grade. An annealed condition of this alloy contains approximately 40-50% ferrite. The duplex microstructure has the strength of ferritic grades while maintaining the corrosion resistance of austenitic grades.

S31803 Application

  • Filters for flue gases
  • Tanks for chemicals
  • Exchangers of heat
  • Elements of acetic acid distillation

As stainless steel with a similar elemental composition, UNS numbers S31803 and S32205 share more characteristics than distinct differences. They both belong to the duplex 2205 family, which means they contain almost equal parts austenite and ferrite. In addition to being extremely strong and durable alloys, they are also extremely lightweight.

A number of hard-wearing and inhospitable production processes require materials that are able to withstand repeated and sustained torture. S31803 and S32205 are both used in such cases.

Introducing Duplex 2205 - A Steel of Superior Quality

Among the numerous advantages duplex can boast, there are many. One statistic that aptly illustrates the superiority of duplex 2205, particularly the S32205 classification, is the fact that duplex 2205 makes up 80% of all stainless steel used worldwide. As a leader in the steel industry, this solution has an irreproachable reputation, well deserved and justified by the scores of specifications that make it so.

Duplex Steel UNS S31803 Round Bars

The S32205 metal is outstanding for its anticorrosion properties and heat and energy absorption properties, as well as its workability and weldability. With its ability to conduct extreme heat while miraculously exhibiting minor thermal expansion, S32205 keeps finding solutions to production problems.

S31803 And S32205 Workability

There are certainly differences between the two in terms of high-temperature strength between 950°C and 1150°C. However, it shows rapid strength increases below 900°C. Regarding cold workability, care is required since proof stress is high and elongation is low.

S31803 And S32205 Weldability

Stainless steels of austenitic composition can be welded using TIG welding, shielded metal arc welding, and plasma welding in the same manner as standard austenitic steels can be welded. In order to avoid intermetallic formation, preheating and post-heating are not necessary for welding. Weaving electrodes should be used, and the welding temperature should not exceed 100 degrees Celsius, in order to avoid intermetallic formation.

S31803 And S32205 Heat Treatment

It is recommended that the solution annealed component be quenched in water or rapidly cooled in other ways after being annealed at a temperature of 1040°C, preferably higher.

S31803 And S32205 Pickling

As compared to Type 304, pickling is performed by mixing nitric acid and fluoric acid; however, if possible, alkali immersion before acid pickling, and shot blasting are extremely effective.

What Is The Difference Between Uns S31803 And Uns S32205?

Due to its resistance to some of the most reactive chemicals and compounds on Earth, the S32205 duplex is often used in applications where other materials with lesser properties will undoubtedly fail or fold under the pressure. The versatility of this steel solution makes it the most sought-after steel solution because it remains calm and cool-headed even in the most volatile chemical environments.

difference between s31803 and S32205

It is possible to increase stainless steel pitting corrosion resistance by increasing its chromium content. As well as including a number of other elements in its formula, the Pitting Resistance Equivalent Number (PREN) infers an alloy's resistance to pitting corrosion. In light of this subtlety, it becomes easier to explain how the difference between UNS S31803 and UNS S32205 duplex developed.

After the development of duplex stainless steels, their initial specification was UNS 31803. However, some leading manufacturers consistently manufactured this grade above the maximum specification allowable. The development of the AOD steelmaking process, which allowed for greater composition control, reflected their desire to optimise the corrosion performance of the alloy. Furthermore, nitrogen additions could also be influenced, rather than simply present as a background element. 

In order to obtain the highest levels of chromium, molybdenum, and nitrogen in a duplex grade, it was important to maximize the levels of these elements. Using PREN = %Cr + 3.3 % Mo + 16 % N as a formula, it becomes clear that there is a significant difference between a duplex alloy that meets the bottom of the specification and one that meets the top of the specification in multiple points.

Furthermore, UNS S31803 and UNS S32205 have more characteristics in common than distinct differences despite being both stainless steels with similar elemental compositions. Both S31803 and S32205 belong to the duplex 2205 family of alloys, and therefore contain nearly the same amount of austenite and ferrite as their duplex counterparts. As well as being exceptionally strong and durable, both alloys have excellent corrosion resistance and a low rate of corrosion. Materials such as S31803 and S32205 are both used to manufacture products for tough and inhospitable manufacturing processes that require materials that can endure repeated abuse and withstand repeated exposures to the products they are produced for.

The most noticeable inconsistency between the two is that UNS S32205 contains a higher nitrogen content, adding an extra layer of safety to a surface already quite strong. In addition to protecting the steel solution against corrosive compounds, treated nitrogen provides another layer of protection. In comparison to its closest contemporary, UNS S32205 offers a slight but significant advantage in corrosion resistance.

The introduction of nitrogen also increases the likelihood that it will also protect itself as a knock-on effect. It is highly durable and has a unique ability to provide enhanced protection against wear and tear as well as the preservation of quality even in applications that have relied heavily on duplex steel previously.